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COMPANY INTRO. / 企业介绍
ARMENIA / 亚美尼亚
BRANDY / 白兰地
ARMENIAN OGHI / 亚美尼亚白酒
ARMENIAN GRAPES / 亚美尼亚葡萄品种
WINE REGIONS / 亚美尼亚葡萄酒产区

 - 1 -
ARMENIA IS AN ANCIENT COUNTRY
亚美尼亚是一个古老的国家

ARMENIA, ALONG WITH CHINA, IRAN, GREECE AND EGYPT, IS AMONG THE 5 ANCIENT COUNTRIES THAT HAVE SURVIVED FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS. ARMENIA WAS FIRST MENTIONED IN A MANUSCRIPT DATED BACK TO 520 BC BY THE KING OF PERSIAN ACHAEMENID EMPIRE - DARIUS I BEHISTUN. ARMENIA WAS ALSO MENTIONED IN THE WORKS OF ANCIENT GREEK AUTHORS HERODOTUS AND XENOPHON IN THE V CENTURY BC.
亚美尼亚,连同中国、伊朗、希腊和埃及是已有数千年历史的5个古国。公元前520年,在波斯帝国阿契美尼德王朝君主-大流士一世贝希斯敦(DARIUS I BEHISTUN)的写本中首次提到了亚美尼亚。此外,公元前五世纪,古希腊作家希罗多德(HERODOTUS)和色诺芬(XENOPHON)的著作中也提到了亚美尼亚。
 

 


- 2 -
FIRST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD TO ADOPT CHRISTIANITY AS STATE RELIGION
世界上第一个立基督教为国家宗教的国家

THE ARMENIAN APOSTOLIC CHURCH IS NAMED AFTER THADDEUS AND BARTHOLOMEW, THE APOSTLES OF JESUS CHRIST, WHO PREACHED IN ARMENIA. GREGORY THE ILLUMINATOR (LUSAVORICH), WHO BAPTIZED ARMENIA IN 301, BECAME THE FIRST CATHOLICOS OF ALL ARMENIANS.
亚美尼亚使徒教会是以在亚美尼亚传教的耶稣基督使徒达太(THADDEUS)和巴多罗买(BARTHOLOMEW)的名字命名的。在公元301年,“照耀者”格里高利(LUSAVORICH)为亚美尼亚施洗,成为全亚美尼亚人中的第一个大主教。
 

 
 

- 3 -
THE FIRST CHURCH IN THE WORLD WAS BUILT IN ARMENIA
世界上第一座教堂建于亚美尼亚

ECHMIADZIN CATHEDRAL WAS THE FIRST OFFICIAL CHURCH, BUILT IN THE IV CENTURY. FIRST CATHOLICOS GREGORY THE ILLUMINATOR (LUSVORICH) DREAMED THAT CHRIST CAME DOWN FROM THE SKY WITH A FIERY HAMMER IN THE HAND AND POINTED OUT THE PLACE TO BUILD A CHURCH. IN THE YEAR 303 AD IN THAT PLACE, WHERE AT THE TIME WAS AN ANCIENT PAGAN TEMPLE, THE CHURCH WAS FOUNDED AND NAMED ECHMIADZIN.
埃奇米阿津大教堂早在四世纪就已建成,是第一座官方教堂。第一个大主教“照耀者”格里高利(LUSAVORICH)梦见基督从天而降,手握一把火红的锤子,指出了建造教堂的地方。公元303年,当时此地还是一座古老的异教庙宇,然后就建起了教堂,并命名为埃奇米阿津。
 
THE SPEAR OF DESTINY, ALSO KNOWN AS THE HOLY LANCE (ACCORDING TO THE GOSPEL OF JOHN, IS THE LANCE USED BY A ROMAN SOLDIER TO PIERCE THE SIDE OF JESUS OF NAZARETH SEVERAL HOURS INTO CRUCIFIXION) IS KEPT IN THE TREASURY OF THE ECHMIADZIN CATHEDRAL. SINCE 2000, THE CATHEDRAL IS IN THE LIST OF UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE.
命运之矛,又称圣枪(据约翰福音记载,一个罗马士兵用一个长矛戳刺受刑的拿撒勒耶稣的侧腹,长达几个小时,此矛即为命运之矛),就保存在埃奇米阿津大教堂的祭殿中。该大教堂于2000年被列入联合国教科文组织世界遗产名录。
 

 
 

- 4 -
YEREVAN IS ONE OF THE OLDEST CITIES IN THE WORLD
埃里温是世界上最古老的城市之一

YEREVAN, THE 13TH CAPITAL CITY OF ARMENIA, IS ONE OF THE OLDEST CITIES IN THE WORLD. IT IS LOCATED IN THE NORTH-EASTERN PART OF ARARAT VALLEY. BEING FOUNDED IN 782 BC BY KING ARGISHTI I, YEREVAN IS 29 YEARS OLDER THAN ROME. IN 2018 YEREVAN CELEBRATES ITS 2800 ANNIVERSARY.
埃里温,亚美尼亚的第13座都城,是世界上最古老的城市之一。它位于亚拉腊山谷的东北部。埃里温于公元前782年,由领袖阿尔吉什提一世(ARGISHTI I)建立,早于罗马29年。到2018年,埃里温已建成2800年。
 

 
 

- 5 -
THE ARMENIAN ALPHABET IS ONE OF THE MOST ADVANCED IN THE WORLD
亚美尼亚字母表是世界上最先进的字母表之一

THE ARMENIAN ALPHABET WAS INVENTED AROUND 405 AD BY MONK - ST.MESROP MASHTOTS. THE ORIGINAL ALPHABET OF MASHTOTS HAD 36 LETTERS, BUT NOW IT HAS 39.
公元约405年,圣梅斯罗布(ST.MESROP MASHTOTS)发明了亚美尼亚字母表。圣梅斯罗布最早发明的字母表包含36个字母,但现在有39个字母。
 
ST.MESROP MASHTOTS IS ALSO THE CREATOR OF THE GEORGIAN AND ALBANIAN ALPHABETS. THE ARMENIAN ALPHABET EXISTS ALMOST UNCHANGED FOR MORE THAN ONE THOUSAND SIX HUNDRED YEARS. THE MONUMENT TO THE ARMENIAN ALPHABET AND ITS INVENTOR ST.MESROP MASHTOTS IS SITUATED NEXT TO ARTASHAVAN VILLAG
E, ON THE SLOPE ARAGATS MOUNT.
圣梅斯罗布也是格鲁吉亚语和阿尔巴尼亚语字母表的创造者。一千六百多年以来,亚美尼亚字母表几乎都没有什么变化。亚美尼亚字母表及其发明者圣梅斯罗布的纪念碑立于阿拉加茨山上坡上的ARTASHAVAN村旁。
 


 


- 6 -
THE WORLD'S FIRST TEXTBOOK OF ARITHMETIC PROBLEMS WAS ISSUED BY AN ARMENIAN MATHEMATICIAN
世界上第一本算术题教科书是由亚美尼亚数学家发行的。

THE TEXTBOOK WAS ISSUED BY AN ARMENIAN MATHEMATICIAN - DAVID THE INVINCIBLE IN THE VI CENTURY. A SAMPLE OF THIS BOOK IS KEPT AT MATENADARAN - THE INSTITUTE OF ANCIENT MANUSCRIPTS NAMED AFTER ST. MESROP MASHTOTS. MATENADARAN, BEING THE WORLD'S LARGEST REPOSITORY OF ANCIENT ARMENIAN MANUSCRIPTS IS ALSO ONE OF THE LARGEST REPOSITORIES OF ANCIENT MANUSCRIPTS IN THE WORLD.
该教科书是由亚美尼亚数学家-无敌大卫(DAVID THE INVINCIBLE)在六世纪发行的。这本书的一个样本保存在MATENADARAN(写本馆)——以圣梅斯罗布命名的古代写本研究所。MATENADARAN,是世界上最大的亚美尼亚古代写本库,也是世界上最大的古代写本库之一。
 


 


- 7 -
ARMENIA IS THE HOMELAND OF APRICOT
亚美尼亚是杏的故乡

ARMENIA IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE HOMELAND OF APRICOT (IN LATIN - PRUNUS ARMENIACA). THIS IS DUE TO THE HISTORY OF THE PENETRATION OF APRICOT FROM ASIA TO EUROPE. IN THE XVIII CENTURY THE FAMOUS FRENCH BIOLOGIST DE POERDERLÉ WROTE: "THE NAME OF THIS TREE (APRICOT) COMES FROM ARMENIA, WHERE IT ORIGINATED AND WHERE FROM IT WAS BROUGHT TO EUROPE..."
亚美尼亚被誉为杏的故乡(拉丁语- PRUNUS ARMENIACA)。这是因为杏是从亚洲渗透到欧洲的。在十八世纪,法国著名的生物学家DE POERDERLÉ写到:“这种树(杏树)的名字来自亚美尼亚,亚美尼亚是它的原产地,它是从亚美尼亚被带到了欧洲…”
 
HOWEVER, THE MOST POPULAR VERSION OF ORIGINATION OF THE FRUIT DERIVES FROM THE ROMAN COMMANDER LUCULLUS, WHO IN THE 1ST CENTURY B.C. CALLED APRICOT AN “ARMENIAN APPLE” (IN LATIN – “MELA ARMENIACA” OR “POMUM ARMENIACUM”) AND BROUGHT IT FROM ARMENIA TO ROMA AFTER THE ROMAN-PARTHIAN WARS. LATER THE HISTORIAN GAIUS PLINIUS THE ELDER, THE FOUNDER OF BOTANY PEDANIUS DIOSKORIDES AND THE WRITER ON AGRICULTURE LUCIUS JUNIUS MODERATUS COLUMELLA MENTIONED APRICOT UNDER THE NAME OF ''ARMENIAN APPLE''.
然而,在水果起源中,广为流传的版本是源自罗马指挥官卢库勒斯(LUCULLUS),他在公元前一世纪称杏为“亚美尼亚苹果”(拉丁语--“MELA ARMENIACA”或“POMUM ARMENIACUM”),在罗马-帕提亚战争之后,将其从亚美尼亚带到了罗马。后来,历史学家盖伊斯·普利尼乌斯长老(GAIUS PLINIUS THE ELDER)和植物学创始人迪奥斯科里斯(PEDANIUS DIOSKORIDES)以及农业作家科路美拉(LUCIUS JUNIUS MODERATUS COLUMELLA)均以“亚美尼亚苹果”的名义提到了杏。
 
ARAB GEOGRAPHER IBN AL-FAQIH IN HIS "BOOK OF COUNTRIES" (903) MENTIONS APRICOT UNDER ITS ARMENIAN NAME “TSIRAN” AND CALLS IT "THE FRUIT OF ARMENIA."
阿拉伯地理学家伊本·法基赫(IBN AL-FAQIH)在他的《列国志》(903)中以亚美尼亚名“TSIRAN”提到了杏,并称之为“亚美尼亚之果”。
 
FAMOUS ARMENIAN MUSICAL INSTRUMENT "DUDUK" IS MADE ONLY OF APRICOT WOOD.
亚美尼亚的著名乐器“嘟嘟克笛”(DUDUK)就是杏木制成的。
 


 

- 8 -
BIBLICAL MOUNTAIN ARARAT
圣经中的高山-亚拉腊山

ARARAT MOUNTAIN IS THE SYMBOL OF ARMENIA. IT IS DEPICTED ON THE OFFICIAL EMBLEM OF ARMENIA. NOAH LANDED ON ARARAT MOUNTAIN ON HIS ARK AFTER THE WATERS OF THE WORLD FLOOD SUBSIDED "AND THE ARK RESTED IN THE SEVENTH MONTH, ON THE SEVENTEENTH DAY OF THE MONTH, UPON THE MOUNTAINS OF ARARAT" (GENESIS 8:4).
亚拉腊山是亚美尼亚的象征,也是亚美尼亚国徽上的图案。世界洪水退去后,挪亚在亚拉腊山登上了他的方舟,并“挪亚方舟在第七个月的十七日停在了亚拉腊山”(创世纪8:4)。
 
ARARAT MOUNTAIN RANGE CONSISTS OF TWO EXTINCT VOLCANOES: GREAT ARARAT – 5,165 METERS AND SMALL ARARAT – 3,927 METERS.
亚拉腊山山脉由两座死火山组成:大亚拉腊山-5165米和小亚拉腊山-3927米。
 
AFTER THE WORLD WAR I, IN 1921 RUSSIA AND TURKEY SIGNED THE TREATY OF KARS AND DECLARED ABOUT NEW SHAPE OF BORDERS BETWEEN RUSSIA, TURKEY AND ARMENIA. AS A RESULT, ARARAT MOUNTAIN IS PRESENTLY A PART OF MODERN TURKEY. THE TREATY OF KARS HAS NEVER BEEN ADMITTED AND RECOGNIZED BY THE MODERN REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA.
在第一次世界大战之后,俄罗斯和土耳其两国在1921年签署了《卡尔斯条约》,宣布了俄国、土耳其和亚美尼亚之间新的边界形态。因此,亚拉腊山目前是现代土耳其的一部分。但现代亚美尼亚共和国从未接受和承认过《卡尔斯条约》。
 


 

- 9 -
ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
亚美尼亚种族灭绝

ARMENIAN GENOCIDE - ARMENIAN MASSACRES ORGANIZED AND IMPLEMENTED BY THE AUTHORITIES OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN 1915 AND LASTED UNTIL 1923. THE GENOCIDE WAS CARRIED OUT BY MEANS OF PHYSICAL DESTRUCTION AND DEPORTATION, INCLUDING THE DISPLACEMENT OF THE CIVILIAN POPULATION IN THE CONDITIONS THAT LEAD TO CERTAIN DEATH. IN 1907 IN TURKEY THE POWER WAS TAKEN BY THE YOUNG TURKS, WHO HAD THE IDEOLOGY OF PAN-TURKISM, OR THE DREAM OF A "GREAT TURAN" FROM THE BALKANS TO THE ALTAI. TURKEY'S ENTRY INTO THE WORLD WAR I IN 1914 GAVE THE YOUNG TURKS THE OPPORTUNITY FOR A FINAL DECISION OF "THE ARMENIAN ISSUE", THAT IS, THE COMPLETE EXTERMINATION OF THE ARMENIANS.
亚美尼亚种族灭绝——1915年,奥斯曼帝国统治当局对亚美尼亚人进行了大规模屠杀,一直持续到1923年。种族灭绝是通过物质破坏和驱逐的方式进行的,包括驱逐平民,使其流离失所,进而在这种条件下导致死亡。1907年,青年土耳其党夺得了土耳其的政权,从巴尔干到阿尔泰,都具有泛突厥主义或“图兰主义”的意识形态。土耳其于1914年加入了第一次世界大战,使青年土耳其党有机会对“亚美尼亚问题”做出最后决定,即完全灭绝亚美尼亚人。
 
"WHO NOW REMEMBERS THE EXTERMINATION OF THE ARMENIANS?" - ASKED ADOLF HITLER, THUS MOTIVATING THE GERMAN ATTACK ON POLAND AND PLANNING THE HOLOCAUST.
“现在谁还记得亚美尼亚人的灭绝?”-阿道夫·希特勒(ADOLF HITLER)问道,进而激发了德国对波兰的进攻,策划了大屠杀。
 
ABOUT ONE AND HALF MILLION OF ARMENIANS WERE VIOLENTLY KILLED. ARMENIAN GENOCIDE IS RECOGNIZED AND CONDEMNED BY 26 COUNTRIES. APRIL 24TH IS THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE MEMORIAL DAY. ON THIS DAY ALL ARMENIANS AROUND THE WORLD COMMEMORATE THE INNOCENT VICTIMS OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE OF 1915.
大约有150万亚美尼亚人惨遭杀害。亚美尼亚种族灭绝得到了26个国家的承认,并受到谴责。4月24日是亚美尼亚种族灭绝纪念日。世界各地的所有亚美尼亚人都在这一天纪念1915年亚美尼亚种族灭绝事件中的无辜受害者。
 


 

-10 -
THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY AROUND THE WORLD
世界各地的亚美尼亚社区

THE TOTAL NUMBER OF ARMENIANS IN THE WORLD IS 10-12 MILLION, WHEREAS THE POPULATION OF ARMENIA IS JUST AROUND 3 MILLION.
世界上总共有1000-2000万的亚美尼亚人,而亚美尼亚的人口总数大约只有300万。
 
DURING THE GENOCIDE OF 1915 NEARLY 500,000 ARMENIANS WERE SCATTERED AROUND THE WORLD AND ARMENIAN COMMUNITY GREATLY INCREASED. ARMENIAN REFUGEES FROM TURKEY SETTLED IN MANY CITIES OF EASTERN EUROPE, THE BALKANS AND THE MIDDLE EAST. LARGE ARMENIAN COMMUNITIES NOW EXIST IN THE UNITED STATES, RUSSIA, IRAN, LEBANON, UKRAINE, FRANCE, SYRIA, ARGENTINA, JORDAN, BULGARIA, BRAZIL, CANADA, AUSTRALIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES.
在1915年的种族灭绝期间,将近有50万亚美尼亚人分散在世界各地,使得亚美尼亚社区大幅度增加。而来自土耳其的亚美尼亚难民都定居在东欧、巴尔干和中东的许多城市。现在,美国、俄罗斯、伊朗、黎巴嫩、乌克兰、法国、叙利亚、阿根廷、约旦、保加利亚、巴西、加拿大、澳大利亚等国都有大型的亚美尼亚社区。
 
 



- 11 -
THE OLDEST WINERY IN THE WORLD IS IN THE TERRITORY OF ARENI VILLAGE
世界上最古老的酒庄位于阿雷尼村

THE WORLD'S OLDEST WINERY WAS DISCOVERED A FEW YEARS AGO IN ARENI-1 CAVE THAT IS IN THE TERRITORY OF ARENI VILLAGE ON THE BANK OF THE RIVER ARPA. IT HAS BEEN EXAMINED BY A NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL EXPEDITIONS AND PROVED THAT THE WINERY WAS PRODUCING WINE OVER SIX THOUSAND YEARS AGO. PRESS JUICE EXTRACTOR, FERMENTATION VESSELS, CUPS FOR DRINKING, THE REMAINS OF VINES AND SEEDS WERE DISCOVERED IN ARENI-1 CAVE.
世界上最古老的酒庄是几年前发现的,位于在ARPA河岸阿雷尼村的阿雷尼-1洞穴中。经过多次国际考察后,证明该酒庄在6000多年前就开始生产葡萄酒了。在阿雷尼-1洞穴中还发现了榨汁机、发酵容器、饮用杯、葡萄藤和种子的残骸。
 
ARENI NOIR - A DARK-SKINNED GRAPE VARIETY LARGELY GROWN IN ARENI VILLAGE AREA, THAT IS USED TO MAKE FULL-BODIED RED WINES IS CONSIDERED TO THE BIRTHPLACE OF VITICULTURE.
黑阿列尼(ARENI NOIR)-一种黑皮葡萄品种,主要生长在阿雷尼村地区,用来酿造浓郁的红葡萄酒,该村被认为是葡萄栽培的发源地。
 
AT PRESENT ARENI VILLAGE IS VERY FAMOUS FOR ITS WINES AND EVERY YEAR IN OCTOBER THE VILLAGE HOSTS THE ANNUAL WINE FESTIVAL.
目前,阿雷尼村以其葡萄酒而闻名,每年10月,该村都会举办一年一度的葡萄酒节。